Motivational Theories



Researchers have developed a number of theories to explain motivation, and each theory contributes to a better understanding of motivation. In this module, you have read about drive reduction and arousal theory, behavioral and social-cognitive theories, and Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs. In this activity, you will write a 3-5 page essay that discusses different theories of motivation.


  • Define motivation.
  • Discuss the three key biological theories of motivation.
  • Describe two psychological theories of motivation.
  • Explain how biopsychological theories apply to motivation.


Step 1: Review and research.

Review the assigned reading for this module and do some Internet and/or library research about different theories of motivation. It is recommended that you conduct research through our Online Library (Links to an external site.) (Link will open in new tab.) or use a scholarly internet search. Wikipedia is not allowed. 

Step 2: Write and Reflect. 

Write a 3-5 page paper that discusses motivation and the leading theories that explain it. Consider the following:

  • What is motivation? Discuss its definition and different components.
  • What are motives? Explain the different types of motives.
  • Discuss biological approaches (theories) to motivation.
  • Discuss behavioral and social-cognitive theories of motivation.
  • Explain Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs.
  • Which level of Maslow’s hierarchy provides the strongest motivation for your behavior in general?


               Motivational Theories

Motivation is defined as the energy level, commitment, enthusiasm, and amount of creativity that enables one to act in ways that will help them achieve certain goals. For one to attain desired results and goals, one needs to channel motivation behavior in their actions. Additionally, motivation can be intrinsic or extrinsic. In intrinsic motivation, the motivation comes from within, while in extrinsic motivation, external factors such as recognition and rewards play a huge role in motivating an individual (Weiner, 2013). Furthermore, three major components of motivation include activation, persistence, and intensity (Deckers, 2018). Regarding components to motivation, activation entails the decision to initiate a behavior such as joining a group fitness class, while persistence involves the continued effort towards the established goal despite the challenges that may arise. For instance, in order to stay fit, healthy, or with the desired body weight or shape, one will have to take many regular fitness classes, which is time and energy-consuming. Intensity involves the vigor and concertation one has towards acting on an established goal (Deckers, 2018). For instance, some people will have a good body weight without working out, but the one who achieves it through continuous efforts in a gym can be considered to pursue the goal with greater intensity.

Additionally, according to Weiner (2013), a motive is defined as a state of arousal that influences the way people behave. When a need arises, individuals are driven to fulfill it; thus there can be no behavior without need. The behavior to fulfill these needs is all organisms.  Motives are categorized into three types: biological, social and personal motives. Regarding biological motives, they are primary motives that are absolutely essential basics needs one needs for survival. They are not learned, and they include motives such as thirst and hunger (Deckers, 2018). Social motives are viewed as secondary motives because they become important only when the biological motives are satisfied or are no longer an issue to fulfill. Unlike primary motives that are psychological, these motives are learned in social groups as a result of interactions in the modern and developed society. They include achievement, power, and prestige motives. On the other hand, personal motives are highly personalized and individualized motives that are psychological-based but not needed to be learnt. They include levels of aspirations, goals of life and interests…………for help with this assignment contact us via email Address:

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