Journal 2: Critical Thinking


For this journal assignment, answer each of the following prompts:

  • Important Idea
    • Considering only the Introduction to Chapter 5, in terms of developing critical thinking and reasoning, what do you consider is the most valuable and important idea in that section? You can either summarize or directly quote the text; then, briefly explain why you find this idea important and valuable.
  • Critical Thinking
    • In Chapter 5, the section “Making Arguments” states: “In some ways applying our core critical thinking skills to analysis can be more difficult than offering an evaluative opinion. Analysis, like interpretation, is understanding at a deep level (p. 89)”
      • What concepts discussed in Chapter 4 might make analysis of a statement difficult – and why?
  • Beliefs
    • Why do you believe what you believe?
    • What is your “evidence”?
    • Test one of your beliefs by asking yourself, “Why?” As you answer each “why,” go down another layer – four layers will probably give you a good idea of why you believe what you believe.
    • Your product should show a well-reasoned and logical basis for your belief. Stay away from the big stuff, like believing in God, or who to vote for in the next election, and don’t look for sources – this is about what you believe and why you believe it.

Use at least 2 sources; the textbook and another scholarly source that must be recent.

Textbook: Facione, P. A., & Gittens, C. A. (2016). Think critically (3rd Ed.). Pearson.


Journal 2: Critical Thinking

                                             Important Idea

Regarding enhancing critical reasoning and thinking, the most significant and valuable information from Chapter 5 entails how people can enhance their analytical skills. As Facione and Gittens (2016) state, “analysis, like interpretation, is about understanding at the deep level” (p. 89). This analytical skill entails asking “why” in order to have a better understanding of one’s reasoning and claims.…………for help with this assignment contact us via email Address:

                                           Critical Thinking

In chapter 4, the discussed concepts, particularly vagueness and ambiguity, might make an analysis of a statement more challenging. Therefore, ambiguity entails a statement having various interpretations. As Facione and Gittens (2016) state, ambiguity occurs when a statement has many meanings, and the uncertainty related to it leads to troublesome misunderstandings. For instance, the sentence “John walked outside with his brother holding his phone” has various interpretations. For instance, either John or his brother could be holding the phone. On the other hand, vagueness regards statements that lack certainty or are not clearly expressed, thus giving leading to insufficient clarity. Vague statements have unclear boundaries and an imprecise meaning (Facione & Gittens, 2016). For instance, the statement “John is fast” does not clarify what he is really fast at. For instance, John could be fast in running, swimming, or in calculations. Thus this statement is vague and lacks sufficient clarity…………for help with this assignment contact us via email Address:


I believe that children should wear a mask in schools until the situation with regard to COVID-19 is finally controlled. I believe that children should wear masks in schools because omicron variants of the corona virus have led to an increase of COVID-19-cases…………for help with this assignment contact us via email Address:

                                                  Testing Beliefs

Layer 1: At first, children lost a lot of educational time in 2020 and 2021, and they need to be in school this year so as to recover the lost time.

Layer 2: …………for help with this assignment contact us via email Address:

Layer 3: …………for help with this assignment contact us via email Address:

Layer 4: …………for help with this assignment contact us via email Address:

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