Climate Change and Its Effects on Antarctica


Climate Change and Its Effects on Antarctica

* Times new Roman font

* 12 pt. for the text font

* Double space of the entire document

* References should be single spaced using format above. I believe it is apa but which edition was not provided* No headings and sub-headings

* If you could include transitional sentences to flow from one idea to next;

* Paragraphs are limited to <1 page & at least 5 well developed sentences

* you may include figures, tables; they must be #ed and referenced in text (Table 1) or (Fig. 1).

* Only 1-inch margins Left/Right/Top/Bottom.

* Five full pages (not including cover page or title etc.)

* Introduction includes quantitative justification of the TITLE (topic), starting with a sentence that introduces and emphasizes the topic. Provides some details describing and justifying topic.

* Introduction includes a topic sentence that introduces the subsequent subtopics that the paper will focus on – 3 to 4 key ideas that will be presented in the topic.

* Body paragraphs include 3 to 4 well-developed subtopics related to the TITLE (topic)- try not to silo your information in paragraphs.

* Body paragraphs include scientific information and data (quantification) from the studies that support your point making in the paragraph.

* Conclusion please don’t just restate everything above or bring in new information that needs development. Try to synthesize your subtopics into a broader understanding, using data from papers or stats where possible, then you can include information on future developments etc. Conclusion-Keep it to half of a page, maximum.

*For the citations:  No direct quotes or citations. All citations must be restated in your own words.

* List of References – I have provided 10 references but feel free to replace with a better peer review journal. Reference page does not count toward 5 pages

* Paper is 5 pages double spaced without headings

* 5 pages does not include any figures or tables


Climate Change and Its Effects on Antarctica

Antarctica is a crucial part of the Earth system, but the continent is greatly affected by climate change.  However, in this continent, high-resolution records of physical and biological indicators of contemporary change are caused by climate change. Furthermore, this evidence of climate change in Antarctica has stretched beyond the continent and can be found worldwide. Antarctica is one of the fastest-warming regions on the planet (Ylizarde et al., 2018). Although an air temperature increase in 3°C in Antarctica may not seem too much but it is five times the mean rate of global warming in the world. Therefore, climate change occurs at a greater rate than global climate change (Overland et al., 2019). Moreover, the warming in this continent has resulted in changes in the physical and living environment. For instance, due to the changes in sea ice conditions, penguin colonies’ distribution has altered.  There is also increased colonization by plants resulting from the melting of perennial snow and ice covers. In Antarctica, there has being a long-term decline in the Krill population caused by reduced sea ice cover. The ice cover in this continent has undergone large changes, and many glaciers have retreated. Therefore, this paper will analyze climate change in Antarctica, rise in temperature, ice melting, and their effects on the animal population, fish food, and algae growth.

Regarding changes in the physical environment, Antarctica is experiencing the most rapid warming across the globe. According to Giuseppe et al. (2021), for the first time on record, this continent has registered a temperature above 20°C, thus increasing fears of climate instability in the world’s greatest ice repository. According to Brazilian scientists at Seymour Island logged a temperature of 20.75°C on 9 February 2020, which was about one degree higher than 19.8°C a previous record logged in January 1982 on Signy Island  …………for help with this assignment contact us via Email Address:

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